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OptimEYES Answers Macular Degeneration FAQs

As time passes, individuals may develop vision problems related to aging, such as macular degeneration. These issues can become serious and may even threaten your ability to see. However, early detection and treatment can reduce your risk. At OptimEYES in Ashburn, VA, we offer comprehensive vision care, including detection and management of macular degeneration. Here are some common questions our patients ask about macular degeneration and its treatment.

woman being tested for macular degeneration

What Is Macular Degeneration?

Macular degeneration is an eye disease that affects the “macula,” a small section on the center of the retina. This structure is critical to focus images on the retina.

Is There Only One Type of Macular Degeneration?

Eye specialists recognize two different forms of AMD, the “dry” form and the “wet” form. In the “dry” form,

What Causes Macular Degeneration?

Aging is the primary cause of macular degeneration. Genetic factors, smoking, heart disease, high blood pressure, obesity and time spent in the sun also play parts in the development of the disease.

What Are The Symptoms of AMD?

There may be no symptoms in the early stages of AMD. As the disease progress, you may notice a wavy quality to lines or dark areas in the central field of vision. If left untreated, this can progress to gradual vision loss in the central field.

Are Both Types of AMD Treated Similarly?

There is no treatment for “dry” form of AMD, which progresses very slowly. Your eye doctor may recommend supplements containing lutein, zeaxanthin and omega-3 fatty acids, along with certain vitamins. A number of treatments are available for the “wet" form of the disease. Medications can be injected into the eyes to prevent the growth of new blood vessels. Laser surgery is available to eliminate abnormal blood vessels. Photodynamic laser therapy is also used to stop abnormal blood vessel growth.

How Can I Prevent Macular Degeneration?

Eat a healthy diet with plenty of green leafy vegetables and fresh fruits. Take a fish oil supplement or eat fish regularly. Exercise on a regular basis and maintain a healthy weight. See your doctor annually and keep your cholesterol and blood pressure under control. Wear sunglasses to block UV rays when you are outdoors. Take nutritional supplements, such as vitamin C, vitamin A, beta-carotene, zinc, and copper.

Make OptimEYES Your Optometrist For Macular Degeneration Care

Dr. Seema Mohanan utilizes her extensive training in optometry to provide comprehensive vision care for her patients in Ashburn, VA and nearby communities. We offer vision exams, contact lens fitting, pediatric eye care, management of eye diseases and emergency eye care. Call OptimEYES today at 703-687-4719 for an appointment to learn more about AMD and the best ways to protect your vision as you age.